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KILM 14: Educational attainment and illiteracy
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14.1 Literacy and Literacy Rate (%)
14.2 rate (%) by Age and Sex
Introduction and Background
KILM 14 shows the distribution of the knowledge base of the labour force which could also be extended to reflect the skill level of workforce, both employed and unemployed.

Highest level of education attainment is categorised as follows:
a)Primary and below:
Attained education at primary level from year 1 - 6 or equivalent. Also includes pre-school, adult education or never attended a formal education.
Attained education at secondary level from year 7 up to pre-university or equivalent.
c)Technical & Vocational:
Attained education at technical level such as pre-diploma, national diploma or equivalent; or vocational education such as national vocational certificate or equivalent. The education level such as teachers’ training, nursing and other similar training is also included here.
Attained education at tertiary level from higher national diploma or advance diploma and higher such as bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, doctor of philosophy, post graduate specialist or professional qualification and others.
​This education level is classified according to the Brunei Darussalam Standard Classification of Education (BDSCED) 2011, compatible with ISCED 1997.

The ILO states that literacy is defined as the skills to read and write a simple sentence about everyday life. The absence of such skills makes one an illiterate. The definition of illiteracy often varies from country to country. In Brunei, illiteracy applies to people who have had no formal or informal schooling and have never enrolled in any form of educational or training institutions.